Session
9
Jul 28, 2019

Death of Moses

“I call heaven and earth to witness against you today, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and curse. Therefore choose life, that you and your offspring may live, loving the LORD your God, obeying his voice and holding fast to him, for he is your life and length of days, that you may dwell in the land that the LORD swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them.” — Deuteronomy 30:19-20
Begin Session

In Retrospect

  • Recite (or read if you didn’t do your homework) Exodus 34:6-7 together.  
  • What is the purpose of the design and use of the Tabernacle?

Community Reading

Deuteronomy 32

Introduction

As the book of Deuteronomy draws to a close, the people of Israel prepare to enter the Promised Land, and Moses prepares to pass away. Israel has been rescued from slavery, preserved through the wilderness, and brought to the Promised Land, and yet there is tension. God's people have again and again demonstrated their inability and unwillingness to follow His commandments and therefore fulfill His purposes for them. Now, Moses leaves them with a somber song; a song that speaks of failure and unfaithfulness still to come. Yet it is not without hope, and we who live on the other side of the Greater Exodus can read it with eyes that have seen the fulfillment of God’s plan.  

Review Questions

  • Read Deuteronomy 30:11-13. The book of Deuteronomy is an oral retelling of the Law. It begins to come to a close with the surprising statement that Israel “can do it.” How does this statement fit with your understanding of the Old Testament law?  
  • In Deuteronomy 31:19-22, God commands Moses to teach Israel a song. What is the purpose of the song Moses is told to write? What do these verses (along with Deuteronomy 30:11-13, from the previous question) reveal about the people of Israel?  
  • Read Deuteronomy 32:12-16. How will the blessings of the Promised Land contribute to the future faithlessness of Israel? Is there a message here for our own culture, and our own lives?
  • In this otherwise bleak song, there is a note of hope sounded in Deuteronomy 32:36. Compare this verse with Deuteronomy 32:4. How do these two verses balance each other? Describe the picture of God that they paint together.
  • Read Deuteronomy 30:4-6. Surely, Israel is going to fail. And yet, God promises that He will rescue them again, and will transform their hearts. The prophets Ezekiel (Ezekiel 36:26) and Jeremiah (Jeremiah 24:7) proclaim the same hope. What do these verses tell you about Israel’s greatest need? What do you think these images of new and transformed hearts really mean?  
  • Jesus has fulfilled these prophecies, and brought the promise of new hearts to His people. Do you feel like a person with a new heart? Why or why not?  
  • Read Romans 8:1-11. How does the finished work of Jesus change the way that God’s people relate to the law? What does that mean for you? How does this make Christians today different than the Israelites about to enter the Promised Land?  

Application

We have spent the last nine weeks studying one of the most significant characters in the Bible, who was himself central to some of the most significant events in history. What stories have stood out to you during this series? What impact have these stories had on your faith? Your understanding of God? Your identity as a member of God’s people? How will these changes impact the way that you live your life?  

The same God who heard the cry of His suffering people, who called Moses from the burning bush, who toppled the gods of Egypt and led His people through the sea on dry land, who preserved Israel through the wilderness, who gave the ten commandments and dwelt among His people in the tabernacle has been fully revealed to us in Jesus Christ. The true and better Moses has rescued us from the ultimate slavery to sin and death and brought us into the Kingdom of God.  

I mean that the heir, as long as he is a child, is no different from a slave, though he is the owner of everything, 2 but he is under guardians and managers until the date set by his father. 3 In the same way we also, when we were children, were enslaved to the elementary principles of the world. 4 But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons. 6 And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, “Abba! Father!” 7 So you are no longer a slave, but a son, and if a son, then an heir through God. — Galatians 4:1-7
Remind yourselves of the truth of Paul’s words to the Galatians together as a group.  
Bible Passage—
Deuteronomy 32

32 “Give ear, O heavens, and I will speak,
   and let the earth hear the words of my mouth.
2 May my teaching drop as the rain,
   my speech distill as the dew,
like gentle rain upon the tender grass,
   and like showers upon the herb.
3 For I will proclaim the name of the Lord;
   ascribe greatness to our God!

4 “The Rock, his work is perfect,
   for all his ways are justice.
A God of faithfulness and without iniquity,
   just and upright is he.
5 They have dealt corruptly with him;
   they are no longer his children because they are blemished;
   they are a crooked and twisted generation.
6 Do you thus repay the Lord,
   you foolish and senseless people?
Is not he your father, who created you,
   who made you and established you?
7 Remember the days of old;
   consider the years of many generations;
ask your father, and he will show you,
   your elders, and they will tell you.
8 When the Most High gave to the nations their inheritance,
   when he divided mankind,
he fixed the borders of the peoples
   according to the number of the sons of God.
9 But the Lord's portion is his people,
   Jacob his allotted heritage.

10 “He found him in a desert land,
   and in the howling waste of the wilderness;
he encircled him, he cared for him,
   he kept him as the apple of his eye.
11 Like an eagle that stirs up its nest,
   that flutters over its young,
spreading out its wings, catching them,
   bearing them on its pinions,
12 the Lord alone guided him,
   no foreign god was with him.
13 He made him ride on the high places of the land,
   and he ate the produce of the field,
and he suckled him with honey out of the rock,
   and oil out of the flinty rock.
14 Curds from the herd, and milk from the flock,
   with fat of lambs,
rams of Bashan and goats,
   with the very finest of the wheat—
   and you drank foaming wine made from the blood of the grape.

15 “But Jeshurun grew fat, and kicked;
   you grew fat, stout, and sleek;
then he forsook God who made him
   and scoffed at the Rock of his salvation.
16 They stirred him to jealousy with strange gods;
   with abominations they provoked him to anger.
17 They sacrificed to demons that were no gods,
   to gods they had never known,
to new gods that had come recently,
   whom your fathers had never dreaded.
18 You were unmindful of the Rock that bore you,
   and you forgot the God who gave you birth.

19 “The Lord saw it and spurned them,
   because of the provocation of his sons and his daughters.
20 And he said, ‘I will hide my face from them;
   I will see what their end will be,
for they are a perverse generation,
   children in whom is no faithfulness.
21 They have made me jealous with what is no god;
   they have provoked me to anger with their idols.
So I will make them jealous with those who are no people;
   I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.
22 For a fire is kindled by my anger,
   and it burns to the depths of Sheol,
devours the earth and its increase,
   and sets on fire the foundations of the mountains.

23 “‘And I will heap disasters upon them;
   I will spend my arrows on them;
24 they shall be wasted with hunger,
   and devoured by plague
   and poisonous pestilence;
I will send the teeth of beasts against them,
   with the venom of things that crawl in the dust.
25 Outdoors the sword shall bereave,
   and indoors terror,
for young man and woman alike,
   the nursing child with the man of gray hairs.
26 I would have said, “I will cut them to pieces;
   I will wipe them from human memory,”
27 had I not feared provocation by the enemy,
   lest their adversaries should misunderstand,
lest they should say, “Our hand is triumphant,
   it was not the Lord who did all this.”’

28 “For they are a nation void of counsel,
   and there is no understanding in them.
29 If they were wise, they would understand this;
   they would discern their latter end!
30 How could one have chased a thousand,
   and two have put ten thousand to flight,
unless their Rock had sold them,
   and the Lord had given them up?
31 For their rock is not as our Rock;
   our enemies are by themselves.
32 For their vine comes from the vine of Sodom
   and from the fields of Gomorrah;
their grapes are grapes of poison;
   their clusters are bitter;
33 their wine is the poison of serpents
   and the cruel venom of asps.

34 “‘Is not this laid up in store with me,
   sealed up in my treasuries?
35 Vengeance is mine, and recompense,
   for the time when their foot shall slip;
for the day of their calamity is at hand,
   and their doom comes swiftly.’
36 For the Lord will vindicate his people
   and have compassion on his servants,
when he sees that their power is gone
   and there is none remaining, bond or free.
37 Then he will say, ‘Where are their gods,
   the rock in which they took refuge,
38 who ate the fat of their sacrifices
   and drank the wine of their drink offering?
Let them rise up and help you;
   let them be your protection!

39 “‘See now that I, even I, am he,
   and there is no god beside me;
I kill and I make alive;
   I wound and I heal;
   and there is none that can deliver out of my hand.
40 For I lift up my hand to heaven
   and swear, As I live forever,
41 if I sharpen my flashing sword
   and my hand takes hold on judgment,
I will take vengeance on my adversaries
   and will repay those who hate me.
42 I will make my arrows drunk with blood,
   and my sword shall devour flesh—
with the blood of the slain and the captives,
   from the long-haired heads of the enemy.’

43 “Rejoice with him, O heavens;
   bow down to him, all gods,
for he avenges the blood of his children
   and takes vengeance on his adversaries.
He repays those who hate him
   and cleanses his people's land.”

44 Moses came and recited all the words of this song in the hearing of the people, he and Joshua the son of Nun. 45 And when Moses had finished speaking all these words to all Israel, 46 he said to them, “Take to heart all the words by which I am warning you today, that you may command them to your children, that they may be careful to do all the words of this law. 47 For it is no empty word for you, but your very life, and by this word you shall live long in the land that you are going over the Jordan to possess.”

Moses' Death Foretold

48 That very day the Lord spoke to Moses, 49 “Go up this mountain of the Abarim, Mount Nebo, which is in the land of Moab, opposite Jericho, and view the land of Canaan, which I am giving to the people of Israel for a possession. 50 And die on the mountain which you go up, and be gathered to your people, as Aaron your brother died in Mount Hor and was gathered to his people, 51 because you broke faith with me in the midst of the people of Israel at the waters of Meribah-kadesh, in the wilderness of Zin, and because you did not treat me as holy in the midst of the people of Israel. 52 For you shall see the land before you, but you shall not go there, into the land that I am giving to the people of Israel.”

Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Continue Study