July 21, 2019

Center of Worship

The Lord passed before him and proclaimed, “The Lord, the Lord, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness, keeping steadfast love for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children’s children, to the third and the fourth generation.” — Exodus 34:6-7

In Retrospect

  • Read Exodus 20:3-5. Why do you think this is the very first commandment?
  • The Israelites have seen many miracles and manifestations of God in Exodus 1 through 23. Name as many as you can.

Community Reading

Exodus 24:1–18, Exodus 32:1–7, Exodus 32:31–32  

Begin Study

You know the pattern all too well. You learn how God wants you to live and it makes sense. You make a commitment to obey. Then, out of the blue, something happens and you totally fail to live up to that commitment. Somehow God reminds you of His holiness, but also His loving patience. You realize the horrible thing you’ve done and beg for forgiveness. He reminds you of His Son and opens the door for you to recommit yourself to Him. Let’s watch this pattern played out in the wilderness of Sinai, and see Moses step into the role God intended for him.

Review Questions

  • Read Exodus 24:3-8. In light of God’s power and provision, how did they respond to hearing God’s law? Now read the same account in Hebrews 9:18-22. What else do we learn about blood and the law?
  • They saw the power of God firsthand. They made a promise sealed in blood. But Moses has been gone for 47 days. Read Exodus 32:1-6. How did they respond? Who were they following?
  • Describe a time when your fear and/or impatience drove you to act in a way that did not honor God, or did not help your situation.
  • Read Exodus 32:7-10. How does God respond to this ‘breach of contract’? Now read Moses’ response in Exodus 32:11-12 and again in Exodus 32:30-32 and a third time in Exodus 34:8-9. What is Moses doing?  
  • Read Romans 8:32-34. How is Moses like Jesus? In what ways is Jesus even better than Moses?
  • Have you ever had to intercede on someone’s behalf? Tell the story and indicate your motivation.
  • In the midst of all this sin and faithlessness, God states His name and what He wants us to know about Him. Read Exodus 34:5-7. Identify at least five things God says about Himself.  
  • Read Exodus 34:10 and 27. How does the ending of this episode demonstrate God’s character in the light of human failure?
  • The majority of Exodus 25 through 40 (over one-third of the book) describes the design, construction, and use of the Tabernacle. Why do you think this is true? How does the Tabernacle reveal God’s character and heart toward His people?


God knows how fickle we are. He knows how easily we misplace our faith and violate His good laws. But praise be to God for His willingness to renew His covenant with us. Jesus sealed the covenant with His own blood. He lives forever and makes continuous intercession for us (Hebrews 7:24-25). Pick one area of misplaced faith in your life. In the last presidential election, were you hopeful? Were you fearful? Has a church leader disappointed you to the point where you questioned God?

Commit to transferring that hope and trust over to Jesus. Memorize Exodus 34:6-7 as a reminder of God’s character to help you in this commitment.